JERUSALEM MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH
5596 Ridge Avenue, St. Louis, MO  63112
Dr. Joseph Morgan, Pastor
Phone: 314-361-0480  Fax: 314-361-6771

                Coming !!
   City-Wide Music Workshop
         Led By An Holy God

                 Sunday, March 2, 2008
                   3:15 p.m. - 8:45 p.m.

Since February is Black History Month, we wanted to share some little known facts about the first presidents of the United States of America.  Every year, we set aside this month to remember the Great Contributors from the African American.  Did you know that the first president of the U. S. was actually a Black man?  Read here and learn.

JOHN HANSON
The First President

John Hanson was the First President of the United States! 1781-1782 A.D.???
George Washington was really the 8th President of the United States!

George Washington was not the first President of the United States. In fact, the first President of the United States was one John Hanson. Don't go checking the encyclopedia for this guy's name - he is one of those great men that are lost to history. If you're extremely lucky, you may actually find a brief mention of his name.

The new country was actually formed on March 1, 1781 with the adoption of The Articles of Confederation.  This document was actually proposed on June 11, 1776, but not agreed upon by Congress until November 15, 1777. Maryland refused to sign this document until Virginia and New York ceded their western lands (Maryland was afraid that these states would gain too much power in the new government from such large amounts of land).

Once the signing took place in 1781, a President was needed to run the country. John Hanson was chosen unanimously by Congress (which included George Washington). In fact, all the other potential candidates refused to run against him, as he was a major player in the revolution and an extremely influential member of Congress.  As the first President, Hanson had quite the shoes to fill. No one had ever been President and the role was poorly defined. His actions in office would set precedent for all future Presidents.

He took office just as the Revolutionary War ended. Almost immediately, the troops demanded to be paid. As would be expected after any long war, there were no funds to meet the salaries. As a result, the soldiers threatened to overthrow the new government and put Washington on the throne as a monarch.
 

         
 
 

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JOHN HANSON Continued

The Articles of Confederation only allowed a President to serve a one year term during any three year period, so Hanson actually accomplished quite a bit in such little time.

Six other presidents were elected after him - Elias Boudinot (1783), Thomas Mifflin (1784), Richard Henry Lee (1785), Nathan Gorman (1786), Arthur St. Clair (1787), and Cyrus Griffin (1788) - all prior to Washington taking office.

So what happened?

Why don't we ever hear about the first seven Presidents of the United States?

It's quite simple - The Articles of Confederation didn't work well. The individual states had too much power and nothing could be agreed upon.

A new doctrine needed to be written - something we know as the Constitution.

And that leads us to the end of our story.

George Washington was definitely not the first President of the United States. He was the first President of the United States under the Constitution we follow today.

And the first seven Presidents are forgotten in history."

Thanks to Pastor Theodore Foster for referring this article to us which is quoted from Dick Gregory's website:- John Hanson - The 1st Black President

All the members of Congress ran for their lives, leaving Hanson as the only guy left running the government. He somehow managed to calm the troops down and hold the country together. If he had failed, the government would have fallen almost immediately and everyone would have been bowing to King Washington. In fact, Hanson sent 800 pounds of sterling silver by his brother Samuel Hanson to George Washington to provide the troops with shoes.

Hanson, as President, ordered all foreign troops off American soil, as well as the removal of all foreign flags. This was quite the feat, considering the fact that so many European countries had a stake in the United States since the days following Columbus.

Hanson established the Great Seal of the United States, which all Presidents have since been required to use on all official documents.  President Hanson also established the first Treasury Department, the first Secretary of War, and the first Foreign Affairs Department.  Lastly, he declared that the fourth Thursday of every November was to be Thanksgiving Day, which is still true today.  (Continued in the next column)

What is on the Back of the Two Dollar Bill? The back of the $2 bill has an engraving of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. In the image is a man who has dark skin and wearing a powdered wig while sitting at the table just to the left of the men standing in the center of the engraving. This dark skinned man is John Hanson in his position as president of the continental congress. In the original painting hanging in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, the dark skinned man does not appear!!!

 
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There is a new look on the horizon for Jerusalem M. B. Church's website.  As changes are made, the new style sheet for the website will be applied.  Since it is so labor-intensive to change all the pages at once, they will be changed over the next few weeks.  Soon all pages will take on the new look.

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Most of the United States begins Daylight Saving Time at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March 2008 - 03/9/08 and reverts to Standard Time on the first Sunday in November 2008 - 11/2/08. In the U.S., each time zone switches at a different time.

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